高一小班课程辅导 宫灿灿老师 讲义
★★★句型为：What＋(a / an)＋形容词＋名词＋（主语＋谓语）！
He said (that) he wanted to stay at home.
She doesn’t know (that) she is seriously ill.
I am sure (that) he will succeed.
2. 由连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which和连接副词when, where, why, how引导的宾语从句。这些连接代词和连接副词在宾语从句中充当某个成分。例如：
Do you know who (whom) they are waiting foe?
He asked whose handwriting was the best.
Can you tell me where the No.3 bus stop is?
I don’t know why the train is late.
I want to know if (whether) he lives there.
He asked me whether (if) I could help him.
I hear (that) physics isn’t easy.
I think (that) you will like this school soon.
Can you tell me how I can get to zoo?
Please tell me when we’ll have the meeting.
I don’t think (that) you are right.
Please tell us where he is.
Can you tell me how I can get to the railway station?
2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时，宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态（一般过去时， 过去进行时， 过去将来时，过去完成时）。例如：
He asked what time it was.
He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet.
He asked if you had written to Peter.
He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.
Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year.
Scientists have proved that the earth turns around the sun.
One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said, “How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.
Tom and Dick are next door neighbor who both work in same office. They often walk together to and from work. Once they were walking to home together while it suddenly started to rain. Tom quickly opened his umbrella and said proud, "My wife really has great foresight. She said this morning it would rain and tell me to carry my umbrella. "Dick smiled and walked up to her under the protection of the umbrella, said, "Mine has even great foresight. She didn't let me carry one as she knew you'd share yours to me."
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 1 括号中间词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位置上。
There was once a clever but mean (吝啬的) businessman. One day he lost a bag _31________ (contain) a hundred pieces of gold. He was very _32________ (happy) and so put up posters all over town, offering ten gold coins as a reward to anyone _33________ would return it to him.
_34________ a few days, a farmer came to him with the bag. He had found _35________ lying in his farm. The businessman counted the 100 gold coins and thanked the farmer for returning _36________ bag to him.
The farmer now wanted the reward _37________ (promise) by the businessman. But the businessman said that he had already taken the reward, because originally there were a hundred and ten coins in the bag. The farmer now understood _38________ mean the businessman was. He therefore _39________ (go) to the judge.
The judge at once understood that the businessman was dishonest. He said that _40________ the found bag contained only one hundred coins, it wasn’t the businessman’s and it belonged to the farmer now.
第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
St. Petersburg is a great city to visit all year round. But it is ___16___ beautiful in the summer when you can walk all night long, because, although the sun ___17___, it never gets dark. It’s a city that couldn’t be more ___18___ from Moscow.
St. Petersburg was originally built as a ___19___ city, modeled on French and German cities, the opposite of Moscow which followed the ___20___ Russian design. Differences can be seen in the architecture, fashion and even___21___. In the 18th century, French was more ___22___ than Russian among rich people in St. Petersburg and many French words are still used by locals today. Just as was ___23___ by the city’s original designers, St. Petersburg is Russia’s window to Europe. Life in Moscow is ___24___ than life in the more relaxed St. Petersburg. In Petersburg you never need to ___25___. It’s much smaller than Moscow so people like walking everywhere, even during the ___26___ dark winter.
People in St. Petersburg are more ___27___ than Moscow locals too. There is an old joke about this difference. One day, a young man ___28___ his seat to an old lady on a crowed Moscow train. The old lady said, “You must be from St. Petersburg.” “Yes. How did you know?” replied the man ___29___. The old lady said, “Moscow locals never give their seats.” The young man then said with a ___30___. “And you must be from Moscow, granny, because you didn’t say thanks when I gave your my seat.”
16. A finally B naturally C especially D immediately
17. A sets B climbs C moves D appears
18. A distant B absent C separate D different
19. A typical B European C Asian D northern
20. A traditional B logical C hopeful D worthy
21. A music B art C language D history
22. A popular B famous C interesting D beautiful
23. A forgotten B supported C invented D planned
24. A happier B faster C slower D colder
25. A work B walk C think D hurry
26. A long B warm C colorful D exciting
27. A hardworking B devoted C brave D polite
28. A sent B offered C led D allowed
29. A in silence B in anger C in surprise D in hope
30. A cry B shout C smile D look
书面表达 针对练 (一) 邀请信
I'm writing to invite_you_to_visit_the_papercutting_exhibition. Papercutting is one of_Chinese_traditional_art_forms_and_I'm_sure_you_will_like_it.
The exhibition will_be_held_in_the_local_museum_from_8：00_am_to_11：00_am_next_Saturday.
There_are_some_famous_artists. They will perform_how_to_cut_paper_on_the_spot.
Some beautiful papercutting works, which_were_collected_from_all_over_the_country,_will_be_on_show.
If you like, you_can_also_join_in_papercutting. I'm_sure_it_will_be_an_unforgettable_experience_for_you.
One possible version：
I'm Li Hua, one of your students. I'm writing to invite you to visit the papercutting exhibition. Papercutting is one of Chinese traditional art forms and I'm sure you will like it.
The exhibition will be held in the local museum from 8：00 am to 11：00 am next Saturday. There are some famous artists who will perform how to cut paper on the spot. Meanwhile, some beautiful papercutting works, collected from all over the country, will be on show there. If you like, you can also join in papercutting. I'm sure it will be an unforgettable experience for you.
I'm looking forward to hearing from you.
I am writing to invite you to take part in the Chinese papercutting art exhibition be held in the art gallery from 8：00 am to 11：00 am the next Sunday.
As is known for us, papercutting is a traditional art form in China, that has a history of more than 1,500 year. People often beautify theirs homes with papercutting during festivals and weddings. In this exhibition, you can see papercutting with all kinds of patterns. Beside, some famous artists will perform how to cut paper on the spot. I wish that you can grasp this opportunity to learn tradition Chinese culture further.
I'm looking forward to hear from you.